The Enlarged Republic—Then and Now
…In a large republic, the principle of representation would substantially reduce the problem of faction. In a critical passage, Madison wrote that representation would
refine and enlarge the public views by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of citizens, whose wisdom may best discern the true interest of their country and whose patriotism and love of justice will be least likely to sacrifice it to temporary or partial considerations.
At the Virginia Ratifying Convention, Madison explained his confidence in that “chosen body”:
I go on this great…principle, that the people will have virtue and intelligence to select men of virtue and wisdom…